Lost Islamic History: Reclaiming Muslim Civilisation from the Past
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Montgomery Watt, “Muhammad sa,” in The Cambridge History of Islam: Volume 2, ed. P. M. Holt, Ann K. S. Lambton, and Bernard Lewis (Cambridge University Press, 1977).
History of Islam - Wikipedia
Charles Spalding Willy had this to say about Bilali from Guinea, enslaved by his grandfather on Sapelo Island, Georgia: “Three times each day he faced the East and called upon Allah.” He witnessed other “devout Mussulmans, who prayed to Allah morning, noon and evening.” It’s been argued that the base 12 counting system has its roots in Babylon. It’s the system that we base our calendars and timekeeping on. How can a culture so rich in art, science, math, and engineering basically vanish from our collective thought? Worse, how come they’re now less than “the other” in our culture? What more are we missing? William Montgomery Watt (1978). "Muhammad". In Ann Katherine Swynford Lambton; Bernard Lewis (eds.). The central islamic lands from pre-islamic times to the first world war. Cambridge University Press. p.45. ISBN 978-0-521-29135-4.
Firestone, Reuven (1999). Jihad: The Origins of Holy War in Islam. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-512580-0. , p.34 BBC – History – World Wars: The Middle East during World War One". BBC History. Archived from the original on 2011-01-03 . Retrieved 2011-01-04.
Islam’s beliefs, practices, and history | Britannica Islam’s beliefs, practices, and history | Britannica
The Boxer Rebellion was considered a Jihad by the Muslim Kansu Braves in the Chinese Imperial Army under Dong Fuxiang, fighting against the Eight-Nation Alliance.   Ghāzī warriors depended upon plunder for their livelihood, and were prone to brigandage and sedition in times of peace. The corporations into which they organized themselves attracted adventurers, zealots and religious and political dissidents of all ethnicities. In time, though, soldiers of Turkic ethnicity predominated, mirroring the acquisition of Mamluks, Turkic slaves in the Mamluk retinues and guard corps of the caliphs and emirs and in the ranks of the ghazi corporation, some of whom would ultimately rise to military and later political dominance in various Muslim states.The only way of avoiding the onslaughts of the ghāzīs was to become subjects of the Islamic state. Non-Muslims acquired the status of dhimmīs, living under its protection. Most Christian sources confuse these two stages in the Ottoman conquests. The Ottomans, however, were careful to abide by these rules... Faced with the terrifying onslaught of the ghāzīs, the population living outside the confines of the empire, in the ' abode of war', often renounced the ineffective protection of Christian states, and sought refuge in subjection to the Ottoman Empire. Peasants in open country in particular lost nothing by this change. Cambridge History of Islam, p. 285
new cambridge history of ISLAM the new cambridge history of ISLAM
Alkhateeb, Firas. (2014). Lost Islamic history: reclaiming Muslim civilisation from the past. London: Hurst. ISBN 978-1-84904-397-7. OCLC 870284870. Per the author, the book is intended to serve as a primer for readers unfamiliar with the subject of Islamic history.  Synopsis [ edit ] Besides being visible, Muslims generated much curiosity because of their literacy, an Islamic requirement because believers need to read the Quran.As in the earlier wars against the British and Soviets, Afghan Resistance to the American invaders took the traditional form of a Muslim holy war against the infidels.  During the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ’s life, he made a miraculous journey in one night from Makkah to Jerusalem and then from Jerusalem to Heaven – the Isra’ and Mi’raj. During his life, however, Jerusalem never came under Muslim political control. That would change during the caliphate of Umar ibn al-Khattab, the second caliph of Islam. Into Syria Diallo told him his father would pay for his freedom and he was allowed to dispatch an acquaintance to his hometown. But the Arabella left before Diallo could be freed.